Marrakech, known as the red city or the city ochre, is located in the centre of Morocco, in the Interior of the land, at the foot of the Atlas mountains.
The nickname of the red city refers to the red color of a large part of its buildings and houses.
The city was founded in 1071 by Youssef Ibn Tachfin as-Sanhaji, at the head of the Berber empire of the Almoravids.
In the past, the Morocco was known in the East under the name of Marrakech (always of news in Iran); Morocco named itself the deformation of the Portuguese pronunciation of Marrakech: Marrocos.
Marrakech has 928 850 inhabitants, according to the Census of 2014, spread over an area of 230 km2. The population density reaches 350 inhabitants per hectare in the Medina. It is the fourth largest city of the Morocco after Casablanca, Fez and Tangier.
The city is divided into two separate parts : historic (ten kilometers of enclosure) and the new town including the main districts are called Guéliz and Hivernage, Douar Askar, Sidi Youssef Ben Ali, Mouhamid, Daoudiat. The Guéliz is now commercial downtown. It was founded by the French during the protectorate. The Hivernage district focus of many resorts. In recent years, the city grows on the outskirts, notably to the West with the appearance of new residential development as for the region of Targa or extension of avenue Mohammed VI, or Tamansourt in the north.